World Pistachio Day! National Pistachio Day!
Every Day IS Pistachio Day at ARO Pistachios!
Q. Who is the BIG-gest world pistachio nut producer?
A. The title shifts between USA and Iran, depending on crop year. In addition to USA and Iran, pistachio nuts are grown commercially in Turkey, Syria, Afghanistan, Greece, Italy, and Australia all of which provide a specific cold winter/hot dry summer climate with accompanying specific water requirements. Historically, Iran was known as the largest producer until California's crop size increased to take the lead. The 2016 USA crop is expected to be a bumper crop for the USA yielding approximately 600-800 millions LBS. Of the producing states---California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, and Texas---California exports more than the majority of pistachios of all states combined at 95+% total production.
Q. What is "pistachio-ology"? We at ARO Pistachios created this word to describe the study of pistachios!
A. Pistachio nuts grow on trees in drupes of heavy grape-like clusters surrounded by a fleshy pink hull. Pistachio trees (scientific genus species name = pistacia vera), derive their translation from the Persian word for pistachio, variations of "pesteh" in Farsi. Pistachio trees are wind-pollinated rather than bee-pollinated, with one male tree producing enough pollen for 25 nut-bearing female trees. Female trees begin producing their first crop at age seven and commonly bear fruit for over 100 years. With their deep root system, pistachio trees survive and thrive in a high-desert, arid climate required to consistently produce their fruit.
Q. What is the growing season for pistachios?
A. In late Summer pistachio trees reach peak seasonal growth and nuts are harvested. By early Winter the trees "sleep" and become dormant until Spring. Trees require a minimum number of 800--1200 "chilling hours" known as consistent days during which temperatures range 32f--45f degrees. The growing season begins in Spring with visible bud swell and bud break. Further development signs follow with shoot growth then leafing, aka leafing out, progressing nut development to eventually large clusters of drupes. Drupes are much like a peel containing the shell and the nut itself (called "meat") within that shell.
Q. What are some common pistachio nut nicknames?
A. The Skinny Nut as pistachio nuts are the lowest calorie per nut serving, while also providing weight-maintenance benefits: 1 oz serving of pistachio nuts = 49 nuts @ 160 calories per serving. Scientific research suggests The Pistachio Principle of simply cracking open the shell to get the nut slows down the chewing/eating process and those opened shells serve as a visual cue of one's consumption creating a satiating sense of fullness or "I'm full" snacking sensation.
A. The Love Nut because pistachio nuts have been scientifically found to aid against erectile dysfunction!
A. The Power Nut is packed with a powerhouse of essential nutrients and phytonutrients that may contribute to *heart-health, contain *good-for-you fats, *zero trans fat, *anti-oxidants, *fiber, *potassium, *protein, *vitamins, and *minerals.
A. The Green Nut contains plant-based compounds that may act as antioxidants such as vitamin E, polyphenols, and carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin.
Visit the Nutrition section of our website for full studies and findings.